Compare the Brexit

We've studied Theresa May's withdrawal agreement to see how it compares to a no deal Brexit or remaining in the EU. See below how they differ on the key issues that will affect people's day to day lives.
No Deal Leave
May's Deal*
Remain in EU
NHS
!
Shortage of medicines, less NHS funding from weaker economy, staff from EU at risk
!
Less NHS funding from weaker economy, staff from EU at risk
Strong economy allows more NHS funding, EU staff free to work in UK, no medicine supply disruption
Price of groceries
!
Increased cost due to WTO tariffs and weak pound
!
Imported food costs increase due to weak pound
No increased cost due to single market and strong pound
Divorce Bill
!
£30 billion estimated divorce bill
!
£39 billion estimated divorce bill
No divorce bill
Economy
!
UK government projects 8% reduction in growth
!
UK government projects 2-8% reduction in growth
Steady growth predicted if we remain in the EU
Non EU immigration
Not affected by EU membership
Not affected by EU membership
Not affected by EU membership
EU workers
!
Merit based system possible but could lead to labour shortage in many sectors
Free movement until 2020 but no replacement yet agreed
EU workers fill vital roles and we are able to repatriate those who have not found a job after 6 months
Welfare and benefits
No changes to the welfare system for EU citizens have been laid out
No changes to the welfare system for EU citizens have been laid out
!
EU migrants can claim limited welfare such as jobseekers after 3 months
Freedom of Movement
!
Brits will lose the automatic right to live and work in any EU country
!
Brits will lose the automatic right to live and work in any EU country
Brits have the right to live and work in any EU country
Sovereignty
Britain would not have to follow EU laws (even beneficial ones)
!
Britain has to follow EU laws for the duration of the withdrawal period
!
Britain has to follow some EU laws
Irish border
!
A hard border would be needed if we leave with no deal
!
There is currently no agreed long term solution to the border issue
No border issue as both countries within the EU
EU funded projects
!
The EU will stop funding UK projects
!
The EU will stop funding UK projects
The EU funds many UK projects
Travel
!
Border checks, risk of grounded planes, more expensive holidays
!
More expensive holidays
Quick and simple travel to and from EU countries
Blue passport
Britain can currently choose its own passport colour and this won't change if we leave
Britain can currently choose its own passport colour and this won't change if we leave
Britain can currently choose its own passport colour
Trade tariffs
!
UK would pay tariffs
!
UK would pay tariffs
Tariff free trade with EU
Strength of £
!
Pound projected to drop further with hard Brexit
!
Uncertainty leads to a weak, unstable pound
EU membership brought a strong pound
Trade outside EU
!
We haven't replaced our EU trade deals
!
We haven't replaced our EU trade deals
We have many trade deals as part of the EU
GDP
!
5-9% drop in GDP
!
3-4% drop in GDP
Rise in GDP
5% minimum VAT
If we leave the EU we have the option to reduce VAT below 5%
If we leave the EU we have the option to reduce VAT below 5%
!
We must charge a minimum of 5% VAT on certain items (note: this is changing)
Influence EU rules
!
No ability to make, change, or block EU rules
!
No ability to make, change, or block EU rules
UK has a say in EU rules plus citizens benefit from EU laws protecting them
UK contribution to EU
UK may pay to participate in some EU programmes after Brexit
UK may pay to participate in some EU programmes after Brexit
The UK makes an estimated 7bn net contribution to the EU but this is outweighed by the benefits of EU membership
EU contribution to UK
!
The EU would no longer contribute to the UK
!
The EU would no longer contribute to the UK
The EU contributes to the UK in many ways
Environmental protections
EU environmental regulations could be repealed with no replacement
EU environmental regulations could be repealed with no replacement
Current EU regulations protect our environment
Agriculture
!
Some meat tariffs would be above 40%
!
An estimated 3-8% increased cost of trade for farmers
We benefit from tariff-free trade and EU farm subsidies
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*May's Deal refers to the Withdrawal Agreement

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